The
Culture
Now
Project
Culture Now
The Culture Now Project is an immersive investigation of the intersection of public policy, urban design, and the spatial manifestation of contemporary culture. Read more...
MIDSIZE AMERICA 
We are happy to announce that the first publication of the Culture Now project has been released. The publication was launched at UCLA's Hammer Museum in June...
MEMBRANE 
MEMBRANE: A PROPOSAL FOR RISING SEA LEVELS IN NEW YORK TINGWE XU / XIE ZHANG FERDA KOLATAN STUDIO Confronted with the sea levels of New York rising, we...
 
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now Final... 
Technology, Connectivity, Urban Revival: Energy Infrastructure as a Driver of New Economies River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 –...
Footage  
Footage Monica Earl's quick videos superimpose and juxtapose at the same time. Highlighting global controversies and hypocrisies alike, these works ask for...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now Final... 
Densification of NKY: Points on a Line River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 – Academic Final Team: Zachary Henley, Mark...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now Final... 
Bioremediation and Aquaponics: Water As a Resource River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 – Academic Final Team: Brad Austin,...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now Final... 
ParkCIty Milkshake: Singularity vs. Plurality, Efficiency vs. Added Value River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 – Academic...
American Biproduct Part 1 
What has evolved as a problematic since an initial perception of human disconnection or alienation identifies closely with a culture of consumerism in the...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now Final... 
Permeable City: Ecology and Infrastructure As Opportunities for Invenstment River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 – Academic...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now Final 
Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 – April, 27 - Academic Final Our final review was...
American Biproduct Part 2 
Our project engages the city of Los Angeles and its existing landfills, infrastructures, communities, and waterways with a multifaceted urban plan...
The River Cities Project: IABR-Rotterdam Biennale ... 
Exhibition for the 2012 IABR, “Making City” River Cities Project: 2012 International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam, “Making City” - At the NAI...
The River Cities Project: IABR-Rotterdam Biennale ... 
Models for the 2012 IABR, “Making City” River Cities Project: 2012 International Architecture Biennale Rotterdam, “Making City” Henderson Project...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now UK 90%... 
Technology, Connectivity, Urban Revival: Energy Infrastructure as a Driver of New Economies River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 –...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now UK 90%... 
Densification of NKY: Points on a Line River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 – 90% UCLA Review in LA Team: Zachary Henley, Mark...
Transitional Ground 
Bob Frederick, Ian Christopher Thomas, Joshua Robinson, Sean Boyd
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now UK 90%... 
Permeable City: Ecology and Infrastructure As Opportunities for Invenstment River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 – 90% UCLA Review...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now UK 90%... 
Park-City Milkshake: Re-stitching the Park, City and River River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 – 90% UCLA Review in LA Team: ...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now UK 90%... 
Bioremediation and Aquaponics: Water As a Resource River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 – 90% UCLA Review in LA Team: Brad...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now UK 90%/UCLA... 
Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 – 90% Review at UCLA In early April, we were invited...
EVO-NOPOLIS 
EVO-NOPOLIS MING YANG / YUANHAO WANG ROLAND SNOOKS STUDIO This project was set in the background of sea level rise which is likely phenomenon with the...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now Midterm 
Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 – Academic Midterm Three days after our Friday...
ZIPPER-NESS 
ZIPPER-NESS SCARLETT ZHAO / CHEN FU WINKA DUBBELDAM STUDIO The concept is to design a system integrated with different functions such as levee, landscape,...
INTERWOVEN DELTA 
INTERWOVEN DELTA HO SUNG KIM / EDNA VUONG FERDA KOLATAN STUDIO It has become apparent that the flooding problem in New Orleans has been exasperated by sea...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now "Energy... 
Technology, Connectivity, Urban Revival: Energy Infrastructure as a Driver of New Economies River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 -...
SELF- ORGANIZING CITY 
SELF-ORGANIZING CITY HYOUNG SUB KIM / HYO YOUNG PARK FERDA KOLATAN STUDIO The water area which surrounds New York City is going to expand and elevate....
ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION AGAINST FLOODING 
ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION AGAINST FLOODING DAEHEE HAN / YEZHOU YANG WINKA DUBBELDAM STUDIO This project is located in New Orleans, where most areas suffer the...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now ... 
Delamination and Densification: Points on a Line River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 - Public Midterm Team: Zachary Henley,...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now "Park/City... 
Park-City Milkshake: Re-stitching the Park, City and River River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios - Spring 2012 - Public Midterm Team: Mike Domek,...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Final ... 
INFRASTRUCTURE: Primary Research Topic River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Fall 2011 - Final Team: Brad Austin, Christopher Hayse, Mark...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Final ... 
PLACE: Primary Research Topic River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Fall 2011 - Final Team: Kyle McGrath, Bradley Ostendorf, Madelynn Ringo,...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now "Aquaponics" 
Bioremediation and Aquaponics: Water As a Resource River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios - Spring 2012 - Public Midterm Team: Brad Austin, Ted...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now "Permeable... 
Permeable City: Ecology and Infrastructure As Opportunities for Invenstment River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 - Public...
REVIVING ROAD 
REVIVING ROAD: AN AERIAL EVACUATION SYSTEM WENBO GUO / XIOHAN WEN ROLAND SNOOKS STUDIO At the very beginning of this design, We began to imagine a possible...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now Think Tank 
The fullscreen will launch a slideshow of all the images on this page. Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios –...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now Introduction 
Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 - Introduction We began the Spring 2012 semester...
The River Cities Project: SP12 Culture Now Midterm 
Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Spring 2012 – Public Midterm The Spring midterm gave us the...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Final ... 
CULTURE: Primary Research Topic River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Fall 2011 - Final Team: Megan Doyle, Jonathan Erwin, Jamie Lam, Derek...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Final 
Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Fall 2011 - Final Review Final review was both the end and the...
Rising Newark 
Yonathan Persovski and Rafael Roldan Final Proposal Water level rise is a reality that is affecting hundreds of cities around the world. Higher temperatures,...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Cities ... 
CITIES: Secondary Research Topic River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Fall 2011 - Cities “Newport” Team: Christopher Hayse, Jamie Lam, Kyle...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Cities ... 
CITIES: Secondary Research Topic River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Cities “Ludlow/Bromley” Team: Shaun Levandoski and Mark...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Cities ... 
CITIES: Secondary Research Topic River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Fall 2011 - Cities “Dayton” Team: Wesley Settles and Jeremy...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Cities ... 
CITIES: Secondary Research Topic River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Fall 2011 - Cities “Covington” Team: Brad Austin, Megan Doyle,...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Cities ... 
CITIES: Secondary Research Topic River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Fall 2011 - Cities “Bellevue” Team: Ted Madden and Bradley...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Cities 
Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Cities The studio took another shift in scale after the Vision...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Housing... 
Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Fall 2011 - Vision 2015/Housing Summit Our next presentation was in...
Stitching Lincoln 
by Catherine Winfield, MIT
 
Rewiring City 
by Jin Kyu Lee, MIT
 
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Photo Essay 
Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios – Fall 2011 - Photo Essay After the midterm presentation the studio...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Midterm ... 
DIGITAL MODEL: Development of a Comprehensive Digital Model of the Five Cities. River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios - Fall 2011 - Midterm Team:...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Midterm ... 
PLACE: Primary Research Topic River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios - Midterm Team: Kyle McGrath, Bradley Ostendorf, Mark Rebholz, Wesley...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Midterm ... 
INFRASTRUCTURE: Primary Research Topic River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios - Fall 2011 - Midterm Team: Brad Austin, Christopher Hayse, Jeremy...
Monumental Flexible Field 
by Kathleen Noelle Dahlberg and Elizabeth Seavey Woods, MIT
 
Diasporic Urbanism 
by Lilian Knorr, MIT
 
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Midterm ... 
CULTURE: Primary Research Topic River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios - Fall 2011 - Midterm Team: Megan Doyle, Jonathan Erwin, Jamie Lam, Derek...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Midterm 
Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios - Fall 2011 - Midterm Midterm represented the first time that the...
The River Cities Project: CAB + IABR 
CAB + IABR Paducah, KY Our Atomic Cities team began the task of addressing Paducah's cleanup by declaring that the problem would be the solution. In our...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Charrette 
Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios - Fall 2011 - Kick-Off Event and Charrette The fall semester started...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Culture Now Introduction 
Assistant Professor Martin Summers River Cities Project: Northern Kentucky Studios - Introduction It is an honor to have been asked to participate in...
Eco-Agro Networks 
PRIORITIZING PERI-URBAN DEVELOPMENT PRINCIPLES: ECO-AGRO NETWORKS & CLUSTERED URBAN DEVELOPMENTSLANDSCAPE URBANIZATION + AGRICULTURE AT THE INTERURBAN...
 
Reclaiming the Setback 
by Peter Kisicki, Matt Neaderhiser, and Jason Culbertson, UNL
 
Perimeter City 
by Matthew Bunza, Andrew Ferentinos, and Max Thelander, MIT
 
Ag + Urban 
by Dennis Krymuza and Tristan Vetter, UNL
 
Lincoln Levee System 
by Martie Burke and Dan Gage, UNL
 
Developing the River 
by Jacob Taylor & Michael Henrichs, UNL
 
Auto: Re-Oriented 
Reconciling the Main Street Mentalities with Modern American Growth Patterns Contemporary political and media rhetoric commonly refers to “Main Street” to...
 
Swaleway 
The goal of Swaleway is to provide a secondary city water circulation system while encouraging the redevelopment of a significant portion of Lincoln’s currently...
 
First Floor Fields 
Project Description This project responds to demographic shifts in Lincoln’s population by diversifying the city’s housing stock in its downtown. The project...
 
Agro-Aesthetic City 
With the expiration of the ethanol subsidy and continued urban expansion along Lincoln’s crest, there may be an opportunity to create new extra-urban development...
 
Encoding Water 
Lincoln has a water quality problem. To address it, the City’s policy focus is on new construction and redevelopment. Given projections for future growth, much of...
 
Transportation, Agriculture + Housing 
LINCOLN: THE TRI-POLAR CITY IntroductionLincoln has been shaped by three dominant forces: transportation, housing and agriculture. These forces represent three...
 
Water, Infrastructure + Landscape 
The Salt Creek, running southeast from downtown Lincoln, and surrounding neighborhoods. Source: Alan Berger. Lincoln’s center city....
 
Agricultural Field Trip to the Salinas Valley 
Agriculture in Lincoln is highly mechanized and focused on corn ethanol production. In order to better understand mechanized agriculture, we broadened our research...
Research + Mappings 
Asymmetrical Growth Watershed Discretization Local Logistics Part I Local Logistics Part II Regional Logistics Part...
 
Perception & Territory 
Caitlin Kunzle & Thomas Stroman In comparison to other cities in the United States with similar population densities, Newark has the highest percentage of city...
Transposition of Flow 
Brian Chu and David Kim Thesis Design Midterm During the research phase of our project, we were interested in the Port of Newark because it is so integrated...
FIELD MANUAL: MAKER HIGH 
Midterm Project Update Scott Rominger and Dexter Walcott Newark is the poster child for the American post-industrial, late-capitalist society. With its...
ALIEN PASTORAL 
Elena Hasbun and Gregory Pietrycha Midterm Update
CONSCIOUS CONNECTION 
Museumscape is a distributed museum, that redirects pedestrian circulation to and between the underutilized interstices of the city that are within a walkable...
Charles Waldheim: Landscape Urbanism 
On Friday, March 23rd from 10-11:30 am, Charles Waldheim will join the Culture Now seminar to discuss his investigation of urban renewal and industrial economy in...
 
Abandonment 
Drop Out by Josh Robinson This is the exploration of a long and ongoing lineage of drop out culture. In this context abandonment is used in the least as a...
Abandonment 
Displaced Origins by Charlie Heid This study has arisen from a fascination that human beings need a purpose or way of identifying themselves in the context of...
Abandonment 
Abandonment of Conscience by Emily Meza Capitalism, modernism, and institutional bureaucracy have dramatically altered western society. The end of feudalism...
Alan Berger: Drosscapes 
On March 9, 2012, Alan Berger, principle at P-REX (Project for Reclamation Excellence) and Tenured Associate Professor in Urban Design and Planning at MIT,...
 
Andres Lepik: Small Scale, Big Change 
On February 24th, Andres Lepik, GSD Loeb Fellow and curator at MoMA's Architecture and Design Department, spoke to the Culture Now seminar about his recent...
 
Site Photos| Landscape Systems 
Site photos of Lincoln, Nebraska. All images are copyright Alan Berger MIT/ P-Rex. No use without written consent of author is permitted.
City of Labor 
Zohreh Ahmad and Lorena Skornicki Updated Midterm Proposal Research Protocols Perception From manufacturing to retail, the presence of the...
Transposition of Flow 
Brian Chu and David Kim Final Research Proposal Port Newark is one of the most distinguishable aspects of the city of Newark. Contrary to this fact, Newark is...
FIELD MANUAL: MOBILE WORKSHOP 
Scott Rominger and Dexter Walcott Final Research Proposal Newark is the poster child for the American post-industrial, late-capitalist society. With its...
CONSCIOUS CONNECTION 
Avery Carrig & Michelle Frantellizzi Final Research Proposal Precis: Properties and businesses in Newark are primarily not owned by the city or the people that...
ALIEN PASTORAL 
Elena Hasbun and Gregory Pietrycha FINAL RESEARCH PROPOSAL Green space in Newark is currently divided between two extreme conditions. One condition is found...
The River Cities Project: Introduction 
The River Cities Project By Michael Speaks, Dean The Ohio River originates in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and terminates in Cairo, Illinois. It is the largest...
The River Cities Project: Paducah+ 
Paducah+ Paducah, KY The Paducah+ Studio started with the Manhattan Redux Studio's discovery that the problem is the solution, in defining futures for...
The River Cities Project: SP11 Henderson, KY 
For the Spring 2011 semester, Martin Summers shifted the emphasis of the studio to the interior of the HMPL1 Power Plant. With progress underway and the city...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Northern Kentucky... 
Students in Douglas Appler’s Historic Preservation Design Studio (HP 616) developed plans for the "Northern Kentucky Historic Art Spaces Trail." The studio...
Culture Now: The Contemporary American Condition 
January 26, 2011 Culture Now: The Contemporary American Condition Our second paper fresh off the press this morning. A national policy review and 8 cities...
The River Cities Project: FA10 Henderson, KY 
For the Fall 2010 semester of the River Cities Project, Martin Summers asked his students to focus on the granary site in Henderson, KY. Previously identified in...
The River Cities Project: FA10 Louisville, KY 
Florian Idenburg, Jing Liu / SO — IL Now that we have entered a phase of involuntary fasting, any anxiety that the architect is destined to turn into the...
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The River Cities Project: Manhattan Redux 
Manhattan Redux Paducah,KY The Manhattan Redux studio took on the tremendous challenge of developing a one hundred and fifty year scenario plan for...
The River Cities Project: FA11 Louisville Water Company 
Freek Persyn, founder of 51N4E, led two workshops with University of Kentucky College of Design students to develop proposals for the Louisville Water Company...
Cognitive Newark 
Strange Networks. As with many aspects of contemporary life, the overwhelming wealth and availability of data pertaining to the attributes and function of the...
 
Research Trip: Hackensack River Tour 
On September 30, the Crisis Fronts studio took in the intersection of ecology and infrastructure along the southern end of the Hackensack River with Hackensack...
Rock Bottom 
Rockford IMAGE Rockford ZONING Rockford DEMOGRAPHICS AND ENVIRONMENT Rockford INDUSTRY Student Contributors Gail Chen, Alex...
Urban Proposals 
Urban Proposal I Rockford Island Student Collaborators Libo Li + Kerim Miskavi Urban Proposal II The Figure in the Labyrinth Student...
 
The River Cities Project: SP10 Henderson, KY 
HMPL 1 powerplant: Jordan Hines, Ian McHone, Kyle Tierney In spring, 2010, the emphasis of the Henderson Project shifted to the recently retired HMPL1 Plant...
100 Points of Public Space: Cleveland, OH 
100 POINTS OF PUBLIC SPACE ACTIVATING A POST-INDUSTRIAL RIVER Cleveland, Ohio LOCATING OPPORTUNITY In 1950, Cleveland was a thriving industrial city with...
The Potentials of Beer Culture for Baltimore's Future  
by student Ian Pepek The aim is to re-invigorate the brewing culture of Baltimore by creating a new brewery that revitalizes the historical identity and the...
Edge Events: Mobile, AL 
EDGE EVENTS CONNECTING A CITY TO ITS ECOLOGICAL HERITAGE Mobile, Alabama ECOLOGY AND ECONOMY In a city where stable population and employment growth defy...
Productive Landscapes: Flint, MI 
Productive Landscapes Transforming Vacancy Flint, Michigan WHY SAVE FLINT? The city has the highest crime rate in the United States. It has lost half its...
CULTURE NOW: NATURE, ECOLOGY AND THE AMERICAN CITY... 
This thesis research sequence (seminar + studio) cooperates with, advances and explores the Culture Now project through a close look at the way cultures of nature...
Research Trip: Merced, California 
San Joaquin Valley Strata – Merced, California: Aquifer, freight rail, Highway 99, industrial development, suburban development, agriculture: University...
High Speed / Small Town: Merced, CA 
HIGH SPEED SMALL TOWN URBAN GROWTH, AGRICULTURAL PRESERVATION, MOVING IMAGES Merced, California NEW GROWTH Located in California’s agricultural...
The Next American Dream: Tucson, AZ 
THE NEXT AMERICAN DREAM COMMUNITY, ENERGY AND THE FUTURE OF SUBURBIA Tucson, Arizona Tucson is Growing A city of expansive growth since its inception in...
Manifesto: The Casino 
Casino Case Studies Casino (noun): A public room or building used for social amusements, specifically one used for gambling....
 
Summer 2010 Review 
September 24, 2010 We did a global review of art festivals, art fairs, planned cultural cities, and non-profit organizations and used a series of...
From fragmented city to Archipelago: New Orleans 
NEW ARCHIPELAGO SHIFTING COMMUNITIES IN A POST-DISASTER CITY New Orleans, Louisiana THE CITY HAS BEEN DISSOLVED New Orleans was breaking apart long before...
LA River Field Trip 
October 13, 2010 Down off 6th we checked out the ecologically unique landscape of the LA River and its surroundings.
Research Trip: Toledo, Ohio 
-Yang Wang and Cheng Ha
Winter 2011 Review 
Karen Lohrmann and Thom Mayne introduce the studio to the morning session guest critics (from l to r): Greg Otto (Buro Happold), John Enright (SCI-Arc), Neil...
Research Trip; Tucson, Arizona 
Ecology Rewind: Los Angeles + Tucson A Los Angeles thirty years younger, Tucson can currently be defined by a set of its own ecologies: The Plains of...
Research (side) Trip: Detroit, Michigan 
Learning from Detroit In the Motor City, a theater has been gutted and renovated as a parking garage. Contemporary needs replace cultural desire… is this...
Research Trip: Mobile, Alabama 
After visiting Helen Wood Park, the site of Mobile’s oyster restoration project, we were given a tour of the neighboring fishing communities within the larger...
Research Trip: Cleveland, Ohio 
Cleveland presents a unique opportunity to re-define the role of contemporary culture in the urban environment. Our weeklong research trip from February 15th-20th...
Culture Now: Research Archive 1 
Culture Now: Research Archive 1 8.5"x11"x4" 1,200 pages Hardcover book with laser and inkjet prints, original notes, posters, mixed media. Edition of...
Research Trip: Atlantic City, New Jersey 
As our research continued we reached the point that we needed on the ground knowledge of the city. Walking around the city we got a better knowledge of the...
Culture Now : Grey Zones 
Culture Now : Grey Zones 11"x17" 24 pages Newsprint Edition of 2,000 Download PDF
Research Trip: New Orleans, Louisiana 
St. Roch, New Orleans, LA Drive through some of the neighborhoods in New Orleans and you begin to get an idea about what 60,000 blighted properties actually...
Research Trip: Flint, Michigan  
After another exciting journey into the depths of Supra’s cities, Flint has been de-mystified. The city remains at the core of many tough issues that face our...
Fall 2010 Review 
December 03, 2010 Reviewers from left: Richard Weinstein, Jason Payne, Stephen Deters, Victor Jones, Orhan Ayyuce, Jens Hommert, Karen Lohrmann, Thom Mayne...
Southwest Trip 
November 19, 2010 California, Arizona, New Mexico, and West Texas. In 3 vans. In 4 days. The backstory: As we looked at various elements of culture in...
Thom Mayne at the National Mayors Summit on City Design 
Thom Mayne and the National Endowment for the Arts: National Mayors Summit on City Design. Chicago. Thom Mayne will give the keynote address at the...
Studio Work 
October 12 2010 Involved discussions with Thom about the seemingly infinite possibilities of the research so far.
Rockford, IL. An Introduction 
Rockford is a mid-sized city located on both banks of the Rock River in far northern Illinois. Often referred to as “The Forest City”, Rockford is the...
 
Hilberseimer in Rockford 
Hilberseimer in Rockford Albert Pope Ludwig Hilberseimer As a sustainable system, the urban environment must evolve in order to adapt itself to the...